Code of conduct for all participants in European football

This code of conduct sets out the
guiding principles for all players,
referees, clubs and other officials on
the issues surrounding the integrity
of football. It aims to promote the
highest standards of conduct in the
organisation, playing and officiating
of football.

1

Be Clean
Never fix an event

Play and act fairly, honestly and never fix an event or part of an
event. Whatever the reason, do not make any attempt to adversely
influence the natural course of a sporting event or part of an event.
Sporting competitions must always be an honest test of skill and
ability and the results must remain uncertain. Fixing an event, or
part of an event goes against the rules and ethics of sport and when
caught, you may receive a criminal prosecution and a lifetime ban
from your sport.

Do not put yourself at risk by following these simple principles:

• Always perform to the best of your abilities.
• Never accept to fix a match. Say no immediately. Do not let
yourself be manipulated – unscrupulous individuals might try to
develop a relationship with you built on favours or fears that they
will then try to exploit for their benefit in possibly fixing an event.
This can include the offer of gifts, money and support.
• Avoid addictions or running up debts as this may be a trigger for
unscrupulous individuals to target you to fix competitions. Get
help before things get out of control.

2

Be Open
Tell someone if you are approached

If you hear something suspicious or if anyone approaches you to ask
about fixing any part of a match, or if someone offers you money or
favours for sensitive information then you should use the established
reporting mechanism in your country. Any threats or suspicions of
corrupt behaviour should always be reported.

Know the institutions that can help you (for instance your players’
association and/or someone you trust) in case you are approached
especially if you are playing in an unsafe environment.

3

Be Careful
Never share sensitive information

As a player or official you may have access to information that is not
available to the general public, such as knowing that a key player
is injured or that the coach is putting out a weakened side. This is
considered sensitive, privileged or inside information. This information
could be sought by people who would then use that knowledge to
secure an unfair advantage and to make a financial gain.

There is nothing wrong with you having sensitive information; it
is what you do with it that matters. Most players and club officials
know that they should not discuss important information with
anyone outside of their club or coaching staff (with or without
reward) where it might reasonably be expected that its disclosure
could be used in relation to betting.

4

Be Smart
Know the rules

Find out the integrity rules of your international and national
federation, team, club, players association, competition and your
country’s laws, before the start of each sporting season so that you
are aware of your sport’s most recent position, especially regarding
betting. Many sports and countries either have or are developing
regulations on sports betting and you need to be aware of these –
even if you don’t bet.

If you break the rules, you will be caught and risk severe punishments
including a potential lifetime ban from your sport and even being
subject to a criminal investigation.

5

Be Safe
Never bet on your sport

Never bet on yourself, your opponent or your sport. If you, or
anyone in your entourage (coach, partner, family members etc.),
bet on yourself, your opponent or your sport you risk being severely
sanctioned. It is best to play safe and never bet on any events within
your sport including:

• Never betting or gambling on your own matches or any
competitions (including betting on yourself or your team to win,
lose or draw as well as any of the different side-bets).
• Never instructing, encouraging or facilitating any other party to
bet on matches you are participating in.
• Never ensuring the occurrence of a particular incident, which is or
can be the subject of a bet and for which you expect to receive or
have received any reward.
• Never giving or receiving any gift, payment or other benefit in
circumstances that might reasonably be expected to bring you or
football into disrepute.

uefa.com

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